The aim of this study was to determine the effect of altitude on 100-m sprint times. A nonlinear regression analysis was conducted using competition data from the finals at major championships. The results indicate that the time advantage of competing at an altitude of 2250 m is about 0.19 ± 0.10 s for men and 0.23 ± 0.13 s for women. This is a substantial performance advantage and so the altitude of the competition venue should be taken into consideration when recognizing record performances.
Linthorne, Nicholas P.
"EFFECT OF ALTITUDE ON 100-M SPRINT TIMES: AN ANALYSIS OF RACE TIMES FROM THE FINALS AT MAJOR CHAMPIONSHIPS,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 35
, Article 264.
Available at: http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/264