The aim of the current study was to investigate key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different round-off (RO) techniques performed by young female artistic gymnasts. Ten active female gymnasts performed 30 successful trials of RO from a hurdle step with three different hand positions (parallel (10), T-shape (10) and reverse (10)). Synchronized kinematic and kinetic data were collected for each trial. One-way ANOVA and effect-size statistics determined differences between each hand position. Significant differences (p<0.05 and large ES (>0.8) among hand positions were found for peak VGRF, peak elbow and wrist compression force, and elbow internal adduction moment. Decrease in VGFR, elbow and wrist joint kinetics indicated that the T-shape technique may prevent elbow and wrist joint complex and reduces potential of injuries.
Farana, Roman; Strutzenberger, Gerda; Exell, Timothy; Skypala, Jiri; and Irwin, Gareth
"ELBOW AND WRIST JOINT LOADING IN GYMNASTICS: INJURY RISK IN ROUND OFF TECHNIQUE SELECTION,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 35
, Article 85.
Available at: http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/85