Date of Award

5-2014

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Health and Human Performance

Program

Exercise Science

First Advisor/Chairperson

Dr. Marguerite Moore

Second Advisor

Dr. Randall Jensen

Third Advisor

Dr. Scott Drum

Abstract

The effects of cryotherapy on body tissues suggest that cold exposure can decrease performance measures, including proprioception, strength, and agility. Since a decrease in proprioception and strength have been linked with an increase of injury rates, this suggests that exposure to cold conditions may increase injury rates. The main purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference in musculoskeletal injury rates in the winter compared to the summer months in recreational runners. The participants were surveyed on their injury history for the past year. The results of this study showed that the injury rate for musculoskeletal injuries was higher in the winter months. While the numbers themselves were not significantly different, when scaled to the number of exposures, the results show that there were more injuries per exposure in the winter months than the summer months. The winter conditions of cold, icy, and hard surfaces likely account for these differences. The knee was the most common body part injured, while tendonitis was the most common type of injury sustained.

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