Date of Presentation


Name of Conference

Society for Values in Higher Education, 92st Annual Meeting: The Politics of Dissent: Satire, Sarcasm, and Spite in Civil Society

Date of Conference


Location of Conference

Oberlin College in Oberlin, OH

Document Type

Conference Presentation


School of Education, Leadership, and Public Service


Drawing from experiences in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the United States, a relationship appears to exist between tolerance for satire, freedom of expression, and academic freedom in higher education. Empowering the under empowered for participation in vibrant democracies and rational public discourse seems to coincide with an increasing tolerance for satire. We posit vibrant democracies must contain educational elements essential to empower the under empowered for democratic participation, in particular, to provide new democratic citizens with an understanding of the role of satire to cultivate rational public discourse in new democracies. New Southeast Asian democracies need growing evidence of dynamic strivings toward empowering higher education and increasing tolerance for satire, as tools for reflection, deeper understanding, and participation in democratic processes.