Migration in Minnesota

Journal Title/Source

CURA Reporter

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Document Type

Journal Article


Earth, Environmental and Geographical Sciences


Migration played a major role in population growth in Minnesota counties during the 1990s. Between 1990 and 2000, there was a net in-migration of 257,084 persons who moved into the state from other states and countries, accounting for 47% of the state's total population growth. The 1990s were a great change from the 1980s in this regard, when the state lost nearly 30,000 net migrants. Unsurprisingly, the rate of in-migration was greatest in the metropolitan-ring counties, and there was significant in-migration in the lakeshore retirement counties of the north and the lake-studded Alexandria Moraine country of Otter Tail and Douglas Counties. Most of the rest of the counties in the state enjoyed at least modest in-migration, except for those in the west and southwest. The authors also use the cohort survival analysis technique to analyze how changes in lifephase influence migration in Minnesota. Based on their analysis, the composite median county had in-migration in the two youngest age cohorts (10-14 and 15-19), major out-migration in the 20-24 and 25-29 cohorts, and the greatest in-migration in the 30-34 cohort. Then in-migration tapered off slowly until the age of 64, after which out-migration steadily increased.