Date of Award


Degree Type

Education Specialist

Degree Name

Education Specialist


Education, Leadership and Public Service


Educational Administration: Administration and Supervision (MAE)

First Advisor/Chairperson

Derek Anderson


Our global society has become increasingly interconnected. It is therefore necessary, no matter who you are or where you live, to be globally-minded and understand that now more than ever the consequences of our actions will have global implications. Although studies have been done to measure the global-mindedness of university students, and more specifically pre-service teachers, research was needed to compare the global-mindedness between freshmen and senior pre-service teachers. This quantitative study measured the global-mindedness of freshmen and senior university students at Northern Michigan University using the global-mindedness survey (GMS) designed by Hett (1993). The results showed no statistically significant difference in the mean scores on the global-mindedness survey between freshmen and senior students or freshmen and senior pre-service teachers. The results did show, however, a statistically significant difference in the mean score on one of the five latent variables of globalcentrism between freshmen and senior pre-service teachers. Globalcentrism is defined by Hett (1993) as a tradition of thinking and behaving globally rather than locally and a sense of full global consideration when making decisions. Globalcentrism is just one part of Hett’s (1993) definition of global-mindedness which includes the other four latent variables. The results from this research suggest that college may have an effect on the development of globalcentrism within an individual.

Access Type

Open Access