Date of Award
Master of Science
Health and Human Performance
Exercise Science (MS)
PURPOSE: To determine if blood flow restriction (BFR) training improved performance and physiological factors in collegiate swimmers. METHODS: Participants (n=10) separated into 2 groups (control [CON] & experimental [OCC]), completed 9 supervised trainings within 3 weeks. Pre- and post-testing included: VO2max, Wingate, swim time trials (TT), strength, and DEXA. Training was identical except OCC underwent bilateral thigh BFR [blood pressure (BP) cuffs inflated 70-90% of systolic BP]. Training: treadmill walking 20 minutes (5x3-minutes at 3 mph, 5% grade, 1-minute rest), followed by bodyweight strength training (squats, lunges & step-ups). Pain levels (scale: 1-10) were taken after the second set of lunges, cuff inflated (PainA), and after all lunges, cuff deflated (PainB). Paired t-tests determined significant change within groups, independent t-tests determined significance between groups, ReANOVA determined significance of pain levels. RESULTS: Both groups increased 1 RM leg press CON: 18.0 ± 8.155 (kg) (p=0.008) and OCC: 15.200 ± 5.805 (p=0.004); 1 RM chest press (kg) increased significantly in OCC (p=0.031). Mean peak power (W/kg) increased 1.530 ± 2.389 (p=0.225) CON and 3.772 ± 3.088 OCC (p=0.052). Pain levels were significantly different between days (p=0.012), and between PainA vs PainB (p=0.008). No significant change in swimming TT, VO2max, total work, fatigue index, or body fat occurred. CONCLUSION: This BFR training program did not improve swimming performance but indicated adaptation to pain may occur.
Boettcher, Amy E., "Swimming Performance Post Blood Flow Restriction Training in Collegiate Swimmers" (2019). All NMU Master's Theses. 578.