Simulation of high flexion tasks such as squatting is hindered through invalid moment length estimation when using generic musculoskeletal (MSK) models. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of wrapping surface (WS) at the knee and hip joints on the muscle moment arms calculated using a MSK model during squatting tasks. A generic full body model was modified by (1) increasing knee and hip flexion range of motion (ROM), (2) adjusting translation and size parameters of two WS, and (3) implementing three additional WS. Muscle moment-arm lengths were calculated in OpenSim using motion capture data. The WS prevent muscles to cross into the bones, and the moment arm length of several hip extensors reach a plateau after 85º of hip flexion. The use of the modified MSK that includes additional WS is suited for the analysis of high flexion tasks.
Catelli, Danilo S.; Wesseling, Mariska; Kowalski, Erik; Jonkers, Ilse; and Lamontagne, Mario
"WRAPPING SURFACES TO CONTROL MOMENT ARM LENGTHS DURING A SQUAT TASK,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 35
, Article 141.
Available at: http://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol35/iss1/141