Implement sports

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Ninety-five high school baseball players (16 ± 1 years; 75 ± 13 kg; and 178 ± 20 cm) threw from flat-ground at distances of 9 m, 18 m, 27 m, 37 m, and 46 m while wearing a motusBASEBALLTM sensor (Motus Global, Massapequa, NY USA). Linear mixed-effects models and likelihood ratio tests were utilized to estimate the within-subject relationship between throwing distance and arm slot, arm speed, shoulder rotation, and elbow varus torque. Increases in throwing distance were accompanied by significant increases in varus torque (��2 = 3509, p<0.01), arm speed (��2 = 5144, p<0.01), and shoulder external rotation (��2 = 3277, p<0.01) and significant decreases in arm slot (��2 = 952, p<0.01). The use of longer distances for training and conditioning are shown to be beneficial in increasing shoulder rotation and arm speed; however, precaution needs to be taken when reaching maximum distances as there is a subsequent increase in elbow varus torque.