The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the sprinting movement of college sprinters and college baseball players, the latter are assumed to be specialized in the acceleration phase. Twenty subjects, 10 sprinters and 10 baseball players, participated in this study. Lower limbs joint angle (hip, knee and ankle), step length, step frequency, contact time and position of the center of mass at the toe-on and the toe-off were calculated. The results indicated that the center of mass of baseball players was located behind that of sprinters at the 3rd step toe on (p 0.008). In addition, the knee joint was significantly extended at the toe-on in the baseball players at the first and the second steps .These observations indicate that baseball players tend to contact with their foot more forward, and with their knees extended, compared to sprinters.
Inaba, Reiji; Hiroshi Arakawa, Hiroshi; and Manabe, Yoshiaki
"COMPARISON OF THE ACCELERATION PHASE OF SPRINTING BETWEEN COLLEGE SPRINTERS AND COLLEGE BASEBALL PLAYERS,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 36:
1, Article 166.
Available at: https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol36/iss1/166