This study explored the effect of coordination between upper limb joints on the technical level of shooting in billiards.Eight professional and eight amateur players were asked to shoot according to a specific rounte and vector coding method used to quantify the coordination of the motions of the limbs during the shooting stage.For coordination between the flexion and extension of shoulder and flexion and extension of elbow,the proportion of the anti-phase and elbow-phase coordination in the professional group was higher than the amateur group,and the proportion of the shoulder-phase was lower for professional than amateur group. For coordination of the flexion and extension of shoulder and the the adduction and outreach of wrist,the proportion of the wrist-phase coordination in the professional group was higher than the amateur group,and the proportion of the shoulder-phase was lower for the professional than amateur group.These indicators can be used as diagnostic indicators for snooker player's shooting motion
Zhou, Yulin and Qu, Yi
"THE INFLUENCE OF COORDINATION BETWEEN UPPER LIMBS' JOINTS ON SPORT LEVEL IN SNOOKER,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 36:
1, Article 182.
Available at: https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol36/iss1/182