Injury prevention

Document Type



The purpose of this study was to examine trunk (flexion, lateral flexion, rotation) and upper extremity (shoulder horizontal abduction, elevation, and elbow flexion) kinematics of the offside forehand polo swing between professional male and female polo athletes. Kinematic data were collected while participants performed the offside forehand polo swing on a stationary wooden horse. The polo swing was analyzed at three events: take away (TA), top of back swing (TOB) and ball contact (BC). Results revealed significant differences in trunk and upper extremity kinematics between the male and female professional polo athlete. Further investigation into these mechanical differences, along with the influence of live play and performance variables are necessitated to understand mechanics for the most powerful swing