Fatigue causes basketball players to change their movement patterns while shooting free throws, leading to missed shots. Cardiorespiratory fitness may moderate this negative relationship. Male collegiate basketball players completed a VO2max test to determine their fitness. On another day, each player shot 10 free throws, then performed a basketball-specific fatigue protocol, and then shot 10 more free throws. Shot accuracy, shot consistency, and shooting kinematics were calculated from video analyses. Shot accuracy was unchanged, shot consistency worsened (p = 0.03), and peak knee flexion angle increased (p < 0.01) for all players following the fatigue protocol. Fitter players were more accurate (p < 0.01) and more consistent (p = 0.02) when shooting while fatigued. Conditioning may be an important factor in free throw training.
Leigh, Steven; Konz, Suzanne; and Rolfe, Brittney
"CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS ALLEVIATES THE EFFECT OF FATIGUE ON BASKETBALL FREE THROW SHOOTING PERFORMANCE,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 37
, Article 53.
Available at: https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol37/iss1/53