This study aimed 1) to quantify the contributions of the support leg joint torques to the generation of the anteroposterior forces, and 2) to clarify major contributors to the support leg knee joint angular velocity in terms of generating factors of the motion-dependent term (MDT) in sprinting. Dynamic contributions of the support leg joint torques in the maximal speed sprinting for elite and sub-elite sprinters were calculated, and the generating factors of the MDT were quantified The results showed that 1) ankle plantar flexion torque is the largest contributor to the generation of propulsive force regardless of performance level, and 2) the major contributors to the support knee flexion for sub-elite sprinter were ankle plantar flexion and hip flexion torques.
Koike, Sekiya and Nagahara, Ryu
"DYNAMIC CONTRIBUTIONS OF SUPPORT LEG JOINT TORQUES TO THE GENERATION OF THE IPSILATERAL KNEE JOINT MOTION AND GROUND REACTION FORCE IN SPRINTING,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 38:
1, Article 172.
Available at: https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol38/iss1/172