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The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between kinematic and anthropometric characteristics of elite sprint roller ski athletes. Thirteen male (age: 26±6 yrs, mass: 73.8±8.1 kg, height: 180.2±7.2 cm) were assessed at the World Cup Competition. Before the race, anthropometric and plicometric measurements were detected, subsequently a 2D recording of the entire route was made and a 3D, at running speed. A correlation of all 3D kinematic and anthropometric data was made with average skiing speed of the athletes, obtained by 2D analysis. Significant inverse relationships were found with total cycle time and time of strong leg propulsion (r<-0.8), a moderate negative relationship with time arm recovering (r=-0.7) and a positive correlations with the cycle frequency time (r=0.8). No association was reported between anthropometric measurements, body composition and performance.