Document Type



The purpose of this study was to describe kicking limb joint co-ordination between sepaktakraw serve techniques and to establish the effects of a perturbation on joint co-ordination when executing serve skills of different complexity to determine if the intended perturbations are required during training. A total of 25 kuda and 25 sila serve trials, performed by a trained male sepaktakraw player, were captured using a high-speed optical camera system. Kicking limb joint co-ordination differs between technique possibly due to differences in kicking kinematics. When subjected to perturbations (not receiving an ideal ball position in mid-air because the ball is tossed by another player), it took a longer time to return to normal kuda kicking patterns. Even with perturbations, players made adaptations to the kicking limb co-ordination and this strategy is key for repeated successful serves to unknown ball tossed positions in mid-air for optimal performance outcome measures. It is therefore recommended that perturbations be included during training so that, when perturbations occur, servers will be more aware of how to re-adjust their kicking patterns most quickly at the next serve.