Document Type



This study assessed sex-based differences in the lower extremity kinetics and ball velocity during pitching. Fifteen men baseball players and fifteen women softball players threw fastballs on two force platforms, to assess propulsive and landing biomechanics. Doppler radar was used to assess ball velocity. Kinetic and kinematic data comparing men and women were analyzed with independent samples t-test. Paired samples t-test were used to assess difference between the propulsive and landing phases. Pearson’s bivariate correlations were used to assess the relationship between study variables and ball velocity. Few sex-based difference in the magnitude and rate of propulsive force development exist. Sex based differences (p < 0.05) were found for all but one landing phase variable. None of the biomechanical variables assessed were related to ball velocity.