Football Codes

Document Type



We aimed to illustrate joint kinetics during submaximal effort of soccer side-foot kicking. Side-foot kicks with three effort levels (50, 75 and 100% effort levels based on maximal effort) of eight male university soccer players were captured at 500 Hz while intial ball velocities were monitored simultaneously. Kinetic differences (angular impulses due to resultant joint moments) were clearly illustrated for hip flexion and knee extension thereby supporting the interpretation that the velocity of the distal end of the leg (foot) is controlled in a context of a proximal to distal segmental sequential system similar to instep kicks. Moreover, among joint moments responsible for out of thigh-shank plane motion, hip external rotation moment was found to be systematically adjusted between three effort levels. Additionally, an inconsistent trend was observed for hip external rotation angular velocity, suggesting some kinematic change in particular for the contribution of hip external rotation likely occured in submaximal side-foot kicks.