Men clearly outperform women in events that depend on moving the body’s mass through space. However, the between-sex differences may vary with event specific mechanical demands. Existing observations suggest between-sex differences are relatively greater for jumping than running events. We tested this sytematically by comparing the top 50 performances for men and women in Olympic running (n=9) and three jumping (n=3) events over a recent 15-year period. We found that mean male–female difference across the three jumping events (17.8± 2.7%) was 1.5 times greater than the respective mean for the nine running events (11.2 ± 1.4%) examined. We conclude that male–female differences are substantially greater for all-out jumping versus running events.
McClelland, Emily and Weyand, Peter
"ANY OLYMPIC JUMP THAT WOMEN CAN DO, MEN CAN DO NEARLY 20% BETTER,"
ISBS Proceedings Archive: Vol. 38
, Article 32.
Available at: https://commons.nmu.edu/isbs/vol38/iss1/32