Document Type



Overuse injuries are unfortunately common in team handball. Non-optimal throwing kinematic is considered a risk factor in overhead sports, but no investigation has been presented if pain influence throwing kinematics or how it may affect the technique in an overhead throw in team handball players. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of shoulder pain on throwing kinematics and neuromuscular activity within a female elite handball player – playing with shoulder pain and 4 years later, without shoulder pain. The main findings were that the maximal shoulder extension (8.9°), abduction (5.2°) and internal rotation (27.7°) increased in the no pain condition, while the highest muscular peak was found in the pain period for upper, middle and lower trapezius and in serratus anterior in the no pain condition.