Gym sports

Document Type



The aims of this study were to integrate the analysis of the elbow joint loading kinetics with the coordination and coordination variability across three round-off (RO) techniques (‘Parallel’, ‘Reverse’, ‘T-shape’). Twelve young female gymnasts performed 6 RO trials in each technique. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected for each trial. Statistical parametric mapping of mean elbow joint ad/abduction moments was performed to compare differences between techniques. Modified vector coding technique were used to asses coordination patterns and coordination variability (CAV). Results indicated that the combination of anti-phase coordination and lower coordination variability using ‘Reverse’ technique may explain the mechanism which leads to increased elbow adduction moment and could result in overuse elbow injury.