Document Type



The purpose of this study was to analyse the differences in joint patterns among runners with different spatiotemporal characteristics in the running cycle. Lower extremity kinematic and spatiotemporal parameters were collected for ninety-two recreational runners during a treadmill run at a self-selected speed. A K-means clustering analysis was conducted on normalized stride cadence and Duty Factor to identify running style. The runners were distributed into three clusters with different combinations of spatiotemporal parameters. Only the runners who displayed a high stride cadence and long stance times showed a different movement pattern compared to the rest of the clusters. This study has demonstrated that the combination of several spatial-temporal parameters of the running cycle should be considered when analysing the movement pattern of the lower limb.