Wearable Technology

Document Type



Ringette is a contact sport which prompts high rates of head contacts and concussion, some of the highest reported rates in youth sport. Biomechanical forces at the head can cause concussion injury, therefore examination of head acceleration events and head biomechanics during ringette is useful to understand injury risk and mechanism. The purpose of this study was to describe head acceleration events (HAEs) in female youth ringette players and examine head biomechanics during video-verified head acceleration events. Instrumented mouthguards were worn by 8 players and 36 video-verified HAEs were accumulated from in-game exposure. Results indicate athletes sustain HAEs from both direct and indirect head contacts. Mann Whitney U tests reveal no significant differences in biomechanics between direct and indirect HAEs. Most direct head impacts were related to mechanism of head-head contacts or head contact with the boards and typically involved impact high on the head. Indirect HAEs were usually due to whiplash or stabilization. Data also show most HAEs result from deliberate physical contacts initiated by non-ring carriers. Future work with greater data accumulation and verification of head acceleration events can inform coaches and players on the risks of head injury associated with specific mechanisms.