Document Type



Multiple influential studies argued that minimal footwear promotes forefoot running whereas cushioned footwear promotes rear foot strike. We readdressed effects of footwear on the foot strike pattern considering runners’ habitual patterns. Based on the observed foot strike angle, we divided 9 participants into rearfoot, midfoot and forefoot runners. All participants then ran wearing 3 different shoes: performance-boosting shoes, conventional shoes, and minimal shoes. We found a significant effect of shoes on foot strike angle and the interaction between the group and shoes. Contrary to previous studies' well-accepted arguments, performance-boosting shoes with thick outsoles induced the rearfoot group to run with decreased foot strike angle more effectively than minimal shoes. Our finding also revealed the hitherto seldom investigated effect of habitual patterns on adaptability.