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Category

Athletics

Document Type

Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of load carriage on tibiofemoral kinematics during running. Nineteen healthy, recreationally active adults completed dynamic biplane radiography trials of the dominant limb knee with no load (BW), and an additional 55% of body weight (+55%BW) while running 10% above gait transition velocity. A volumetric model-based tracking technique was utilized to derive medial translation excursion, proximal (inferior-superior) translation excursion, anterior translation excursion, flexion, internal rotation and abduction. At heel strike, running with +55%BW exhibited a more flexed knee compared to BW. However, BW exhibited more proximal translation excursion compared to +55%BW. By contrast, +55%BW had greater anterior translation excursion compared to BW. There were no significant differences between BW and +55%BW for medial translation excursion, internal rotation angle/excursion or abduction angle/excursion The greater knee flexion angle at heel strike for +55%BW may serve as a mechanism to better attenuate the greater impact force via eccentric muscle action. However, reduced proximal translation excursion during +55%BW could suggest greater loading of the soft tissues.

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