Racquet Sports

Document Type



The purpose of this study was to quantify muscle activation patterns during different stroke techniques in badminton. We hypothesized that muscle activation patterns in upper extremity would be different depending on stroke techniques. We recruited a recreational badminton player. The participant performed five stroke techniques such as forehand and backhand drive, high clear, smash, and drop with electromyography sensors on wrist flexor, wrist extensor, elbow flexor, elbow extensor, middle deltoid, upper trapezius, and pectoralis major. We compared muscle activations within muscle and between stroke techniques. We found that muscle activation patterns were different depending on strokes. Our results provide background knowledge about muscle activation patterns and suggest that trainers should target different muscles depending on stroke techniques.